第8周-任务1-方案1-复数类中运算符重载(成员函数实现)

【题目】实现复数类中的运算符重载:定义一个复数类重载运算符+、-、*、/,使之能用于复数的加减乘除。
方案一:请用类的成员函数完成运算符的重载;
class Complex
{
public:
	Complex(){real=0;imag=0;}
	Complex(double r,double i){real=r;imag=i;}
	Complex operator+(Complex &c2);
	Complex operator-(Complex &c2);
	Complex operator*(Complex &c2);
	Complex operator/(Complex &c2);
	void display();
private:
	double real;
	double imag;
};
//下面定义成员函数


int main()
{
	Complex c1(3,4),c2(5,-10),c3;
	cout<<"c1=";
	c1.display();
	cout<<"c2=";
	c2.display();
	c3=c1+c2;
	cout<<"c1+c2=";
	c3.display();
	c3=c1-c2;
	cout<<"c1-c2=";
	c3.display();
	c3=c1*c2;
	cout<<"c1*c2=";
	c3.display();
	c3=c1/c2;
	cout<<"c1/c2=";
	c3.display();
	system("pause");
	return 0;
}

【讲解视频】


【参考解答】

#include <iostream>
using namespace std;
class Complex
{
public:
	Complex(){real=0;imag=0;}
	Complex(double r,double i){real=r;imag=i;}
	Complex operator+(Complex &c2);
	Complex operator-(Complex &c2);
	Complex operator*(Complex &c2);
	Complex operator/(Complex &c2);
	void display();
private:
	double real;
	double imag;
};
//复数相加: (a+bi)+(c+di)=(a+c)+(b+d)i. 
Complex Complex::operator+(Complex &c2)
{
	Complex c;
	c.real=real+c2.real;
	c.imag=imag+c2.imag;
	return c;
}
//复数相减:(a+bi)-(c+di)=(a-c)+(b-d)i.
Complex Complex::operator-(Complex &c2)
{
	Complex c;
	c.real=real-c2.real;
	c.imag=imag-c2.imag;
	return c;
}
//复数相乘:(a+bi)(c+di)=(ac-bd)+(bc+ad)i.
Complex Complex::operator*(Complex &c2)
{
	Complex c;
	c.real=real*c2.real-imag*c2.imag;
	c.imag=imag*c2.real+real*c2.imag;
	return c;
}

//复数相除:(a+bi)/(c+di)=(ac+bd)/(c^2+d^2) +(bc-ad)/(c^2+d^2)i 
Complex Complex::operator/(Complex &c2)
{
	Complex c;
	c.real=(real*c2.real+imag*c2.imag)/(c2.real*c2.real+c2.imag*c2.imag);
	c.imag=(imag*c2.real-real*c2.imag)/(c2.real*c2.real+c2.imag*c2.imag);
	return c;
}

void Complex::display()
{
	cout<<"("<<real<<","<<imag<<"i)"<<endl;
}

int main()
{
	Complex c1(3,4),c2(5,-10),c3;
	cout<<"c1=";
	c1.display();
	cout<<"c2=";
	c2.display();
	c3=c1+c2;
	cout<<"c1+c2=";
	c3.display();
	c3=c1-c2;
	cout<<"c1-c2=";
	c3.display();
	c3=c1*c2;
	cout<<"c1*c2=";
	c3.display();
	c3=c1/c2;
	cout<<"c1/c2=";
	c3.display();
	system("pause");
	return 0;
}


相关推荐
©️2020 CSDN 皮肤主题: 编程工作室 设计师:CSDN官方博客 返回首页